Across the globe hot days are becoming hotter!!!
Global warming is caused due to frequent heat waves. 80% heat recorded today is due to human-caused global warming. Humans are responsible for global warming. Carbon dioxide is the main heat-trapping gas which is responsible for the most of the average warming. Emissions from cars, power plants and an increase in the amount of radiation drives the temperature rise.
High temperature affects many people, causing health problems and even death. Other living organisms also get affected. Heat waves are also responsible for deaths annually than hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, lightning, and earthquakes combined. Heat waves can also exacerbate drought. High temperature damages crops too. Cattle facing stress due to heat, experience decline in milk production, slow growth and reduced conception. High temperatures increase electricity demand and lower the ability of transmission lines to carry power supply.
In the year 2017, about 30% of the world population and about 13% of the land area experienced heat waves at least 20 days per year. As per the studies in India, the summer temperatures had gone up by more than 0.5 degrees Celsius on an average over five decades, and this rise has increased the probability of deaths caused by heat by 146%. There were more heat wave days, and their duration had increased by 25% in most regions.
Heat waves can cause
- Swelling of hands, feet, and ankles
- Cramps in muscle and abdomen
- Rapid heartbeat
Symptoms of dehydration
- Dark urine
- Dry skin
- Excessive thirst
- Dry mouth
- Urine in low volume
Prevention of extreme heat
1. Keep yourself well hydrated by drinking 6-8 glass of water per day
2. Wear loose & light clothing
3. Take cool shower bath daily
4. Avoid alcohol
5. Keep refreshing your skin with a wet towel
6. Avoid eating a large protein-rich meal
7. Apply sunscreen to limit exposure to ultraviolet rays
8. Close the curtains during the day and leave them open in the evening
9. Avoid moving out in the mid-day & afternoon hours
10. Take care of your pets, keep them hydrated
As per Meteorological department, Mumbai on Sunday 26th March 2018 recorded a maximum temperature of 41-degree Celsius. This might continue for the next few days.
Need to beat the heat, do you want to know how? Ask a doctor on the nULTA app now.