The World Health Assembly established The World Malaria Day in May 2007 to provide “education and understanding of malaria”. The theme for this year is “Ready to beat malaria” promoted by WHO along with the partner organizations. It is an international observance which is commemorated every year on 25 April. The main reason for this day is to recognize global efforts to control malaria and also to spread awareness around the world to make it a malaria-free world. This year’s World Malaria Day coincides with activities to commemorate the 70th anniversary of WHO which will mark this special occasion with the publication of a series of malaria-focused interviews with leaders and advocates in the global response to malaria.
The Bite is dangerous
Malaria is preventable and treatable yet every year it continues to claim nearly half a million people. Deaths occur most of the people in Africa and among the children who are under the age of five. Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. It is a common borne disease which is transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito found in areas that have a poor drainage system. If a mosquito bites a person who is already infected with malaria, it can also get infected and can spread the parasite on to another person. These parasites then enter the bloodstream and then to the liver which gets infected. They grow and multiply in the red blood cells. Infected blood cells burst every 48-78 hours releasing more parasites into the blood.
As per the World Malaria Report that was released in November 2017, there were 216 million cases of malaria in 2016 whereas, in 2015, 211 million cases were reported. Globally around 3.3 billion people in 106 countries are at risk of malaria. WHO supports countries to fight there against malaria.
After all, ‘Health is Wealth’ to avoid getting infected by Malaria every individual should avoid travelling to unhygienic places, keep the house and surroundings clean, drink clean water, avoid mosquito bites, always use a mosquito repellent cream and make sure that the mosquitoes do not get any space to breed in our surroundings and other places. Sleeping under an insecticide-treated net is one the most effective ways to prevent malaria.
One should spread awareness that can help people know how to keep the city neat and clean. If urgent action is not taken then the fight against malaria is still under threat.