Diabetes is a disease where the entire body is affected. It happens when the blood glucose is the body is too high. Blood glucose is the main source of energy which comes whatever the person eats and drinks. A hormone produced by the pancreas, called insulin, helps the glucose get into the cells to be used for energy. The body does not generate insulin in type 1 diabetic patients. While in type 2 diabetes which is the most common type found in many patients, the body does not make or use insulin as per the requirement. Glucose, which is present in the food such as bread, fruit and starchy vegetables, cereals, milk products, sweets etc does not convert into energy. It remains in the blood resulting in high blood glucose levels. The blood glucose level is called glycemia.

Three types of diabetes

1) Type 1 diabetes

10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. The body does not produce insulin hence patients have to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. A regular blood test should be carried out and special diet should be maintained to ensure proper blood-glucose level.

2) Type 2 diabetes

Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2. If affects middle-aged, older people with diabetes in the family or overweight people. The body does not produce enough insulin as required for proper functioning of the cells which are present in the body do not react to the insulin. It’s a disease that grows gradually and it slowly starts getting worse.The patient will finally end up by taking insulin which is usually in the form of a tablet.

3) Gestational diabetes

Females are affected more during pregnancy. Enough insulin is not produced in the body to transport all of the glucose into the cells as some women have a very high level of glucose in the blood which results in rising levels of glucose. In some cases, this type of diabetes goes away after the mother delivers. However, if the patient ever had gestational diabetes later in their life, the chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes are more.


  • Feeling thirsty than usual
  • Passing urine frequently
  • Feeling tired
  • Feeling more hungry than usual
  • Wounds that heal slowly
  • Itching and skin infections
  • Blurred vision
  • Sudden weight loss (type 1)
  • Weight gain (type 2)
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Cramps in legs
  • Nausea

Health problems

  • Heart disease
  • Dental problem
  • Stroke
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney disease
  • Eye problem
  • Foot problem
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Hypertension
  • Mental health

Easy ways to lower blood sugar levels naturally

  • Cut Sugar and carbohydrate from diet
  • Get more physical activity (work out regularly)
  • Eat plenty of high-fiber diets
  • Drink more water
  • Include whole grains in diet
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid sedentary behaviors
  • Lose weight
  • Control stress
  • Good sleep is important

There is no cure for diabetes however it can be controlled following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercises, and monitoring blood glucose levels. Diabetes can occur at any age and can be any type.
If you feel the symptoms consult a diabetologist on nULTA app now…