Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue. Hepatitis can either be a temporary or long-term. Hepatitis viruses are the main common cause while other causes are heavy alcohol use, certain medications, toxic substances, other infections, autoimmune diseases.
- Jaundice (Developing yellow discoloration of the skin)
- Discoloration of the eyes
- Severe loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
Five main types of hepatitis:
The virus which primarily attacks the liver A, B, C, D, and E. The common among those are A, B, and C. Type B and C are long time disease found in millions of people causing liver failure, jaundice, blood in the feces and vomit.
It is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A (HAV) virus which is most commonly transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated by feces from a person infected with hepatitis A.
It is transmitted through infectious body fluids such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is also transmitted through injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or by sharing razors with an infected person. This might increase high risk of getting hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C comes from the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and is transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids, injection drug use, and sexual contact. It is a common blood-borne viral infection in the United States.
It is also known as delta hepatitis and is a serious liver disease which is caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is contracted directly with infected blood. The virus cannot be multiplied without the presence of hepatitis B.
It is a waterborne disease caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV) and is found in areas with poor sanitation which results in ingesting fecal matter that contaminates the water supply.
Hepatitis viruses can be detected by performing liver function test, blood test, ultrasound and Liver biopsy.
- Practice good hygiene
- Avoid local water
- Raw food
- Uncooked shellfish
- Do not touch spilled blood
- Practice safe sex by using condoms and dental dams
Prevention can help decrease the risk of infection. However, Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented by safe and effective vaccines.
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